Molluscan Ecology Program has been involved in efforts to
restore native Virginia oyster (Crassostrea virginica)
oyster populations since the early 1990s. Virginia's oyster
restoration efforts to date have relied on a two component
strategy: 1) construction of broodstock sanctuary reefs where
oyster reefs previously thrived and 2) establishment
and cultivation of satellite shell plants around the constructed
reef. Beginning in 1993 and continuing through the present,
this strategy has resulted in the construction of over 40
three dimensional reef structures in Virginia tributaries.
Regular shell planting activities by the Virginia Marine Resources
Commission Conservation and Replenishment Department provide
and maintain the associated shell plants.
partnership between the VIMS Molluscan Ecology Program and
the Virginia Marine Resources Commission Conservation and
Replenishment Department has expanded. The list of former
and current participants in Virginia's oyster restoration
Chesapeake Bay Foundation
- NOAA Chesapeake Bay Office
- U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers Norfolk District
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Chesapeake Bay Program
- Virginia Department of Environmental Quality
- Virginia Oyster Heritage Program
- VIMS Center for Coastal Resources Management
Luckenbach, R. Mann,
and J. Wesson. 1999.
J., Mann, R, and M. Luckenbach. 1999.
W. and Haven, D. 1999. Chesapeake oyster reefs: Their importance,
destruction, and guidelines for restoring them. p. 329-358. In:
(eds.) M. Luckenbach,
R. Mann, and J. Wesson. Virginia Institute of Marine Science Press,
Gloucester Point, Virginia 23062.
- Mann and Powell, 2007.
- Mann et al. 2009a
- Mann et al. 2009b